| History of Employment Service:
After the 2nd world war in 1945, for orderly absorption of the released service personnel and other war workers; the need for an organisation to handle this complex problem in a uniform manner was felt and in July, 1945 “Directorate General of Resettlement and Employment " was set up
In 1947, after partition of the Country this Directorate was entrusted the job of resettlement of a large number of displaced persons (refugees).
In early 1948, the Employment Exchanges were thrown open to all categories of applicants which required transition of Employment Service from a resettlement agency to an all India placement organisation.
On 1-11-1956 the day to day administration of the Employment services was handed over to the state governments. So now the Employment service is the joint concern of the Central and State Governments where the Central Government formulates national policies, standards and procedure to be followed by the Employment Exchanges in the states; coordinates the work of the Employment Exchanges in the states; plans and formulates programmes for expansion and development of the services; conducts training programmes for employment officers and other such works which are required for the betterment of these services whereas State Governments fully control the Employment Exchanges in their respective states.
In 1959 The Employment Exchanges Compulsory Notification of vacancies Act was enacted by the Parliament and after notification of its rules, it came into force from 1-5-1960. Under the provisions of the Act all the establishments in the public sector and all the establishments in the private sector normally employing 25 or more workers are required to notify their vacancies and also render quarterly and biennial returns to the Employment Exchange of their area.
new Department of Employment Generation
A new Department
of Employment Generation and Training has been carved out of the
Department of Labour and Employment vide Govt Notification No.
18/16/2007-GC(2)/7219 Dated 11-04-2007 and 31-07-2007 with the
following main objectives:
- To develop a vision, strategy & policy framework for
employment generation & training
To suggest measures to derive synergy of the plans and programmes of various departments working directly or indirectly for
employment generation and vocational training.
- To advise on institutional and organizational mechanism for
effective implementation of the action plan for employment
generation and the vocational training to make the youth really
employable by enhancing their skills and competencies.
- To regularly plan, implement, monitor and oversee employment
generation action plans in the State and advise on the future steps
to be taken.
- To facilitate manpower planning and vocational training in
all the key sectors of the economy.
- Bringing out critical gaps in various services sectors and
facilitate addressing these gaps as per the requirement of the
national and international market.
To identify and advise on the regulatory aspects of job
oriented training policies.
- Facilitate establishing more job oriented vocational
institutions in the Public Private Partnership Mode in line with the
requirement of skilled manpower and enhancing the capacity of the
- Harnessing the potential of various self help youth groups and
educational organisations of repute.
| Present Functions of the Employment Department:
of job seekers for placement against notified vacancies.
||Providing education and
vocational information to students, applicants and parents.
compiles and disseminates information about various self employment schemes
being offered by various departments of the state. The Employment Officer
identifies and motivates candidates from the Live Register for adopting self
employment as a way of life.
|| Prepares and
distributes career literature free of cost to schools, colleges and
libraries. Available career literature in English language is also
translated into regional language for its better understanding at the grass
||Under the Employment
Market Information programme information of the manpower market is collected
and compiled for state and national level planning.
||The department works
for the implementation of various sections of The Employment Exchanges
(Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959.
allowance to Educated Unemployed applicants registered with the employment
exchanges with specified terms & conditions as per “The Punjab Payment of
Unemployment Allowance to Educated Unemployed Persons Rules – 1978”.
assistance and guidance to persons desirous of going abroad through its
Overseas Employment Cell.
||A special employment
exchange provides employment services to disabled persons by approaching
employers and motivating them to employ physically challenged but otherwise
related sections of "Persons With Disabilities Act 1995".
and roles of the Department
In addition to the
present functions, the Department will be performing following new
i) Enhance the employability of Punjab Youth by improving their
Vocational and soft skills
ii) Vocationalisation of education system at school and college
level and to facilitate Vocational training for school drop-outs and
iii) Promote Entrepreneurship and self-employment
iv) Prepare Punjab Youth, through rigorous trainings, for employment
in Defence services and other jobs based on competitive
v) Fully prepare Punjab youth for overseas opportunities through
enhancement of vocational skills and foreign language skills and by
providing emigration assistance.
vi) Upgrade Existing Employment Exchanges to Electronic Employment &
vii) To make available some of the employment services through Suwidha Centres at District/Subdivision level and Kiosks at village/
viii) Every University, deemed university and selected institutions
to be notified as an e-employment exchange in their respective areas
to make their services easily accessible.
ix) Conduct Manpower Survey and Job Survey to assess skill and
x) Vocational Awareness, Counseling and Guidance to Punjab Youth,
administering profiling tests.
xi) Identification, Fine Tuning and Design of Training programmes.
xii) Apprenticeship training to be effectively administered and
xiii) Active involvement of C-PYTE in every district for training of
youth is important.
xiv) Make it compulsory for all the institutions and selected
schools to establish at least 20% to 30% seats on Vocational
Education by addition/ conversion
xv) Examination and
certification of training and skills
xvi) Liaison for placement of Youth with corporate, recruitment
xvii) Organise Job festivals, job melas, seminars, conferences etc.
for job placements
xviii) Foreign Training and Employment Bureau for providing
employment assistance, guidance, and training to the Punjab Youth
desirous of going abroad for employment and business opportunities
in the foreign countries like Canada, USA, Europe, Australia, Middle
xix) Liaison with foreign manpower ministries and employers
xx) Check on the activities of unregistered agents.
xxi) Pre-Departure cum orientation programme.